This is a free example essay on Socialization: According to one side of the debate, individuals and social behavior are a product of heredity or nature. The others say that individual and social behavior are a product of experience and learning or nurture. Darwin pushed the nature viewpoint in his theory of evolution.
During early childhood, girls and boys spend much of their time in the home with their families and look to parents and older siblings for guidance.
Parents provide children with their first lessons about gender. Do parents tend to have gender-stereotypical expectations for their children? Do parents tend to model traditional gender-role behaviours to their children?
Do parents tend to encourage gender-stereotyped behaviours and to discourage cross-gender-stereotyped behaviours in their children? Gender-typed expectations may occur regarding personality traits e.
There is now more variation among parents with some holding traditional expectations and some expressing egalitarian expectations for their daughters and sons. Finally, parents especially fathers tend to be more rigid in their expectations An analysis of socialisation in children sons than daughters.
One of the dramatic social changes in much of the industrialized world in the last 50 years has been in the entrance of women into the labor force. Through active involvement in childcare, fathers demonstrate that the adult male role may include nurturing as well as instrumental activities.
However, when same-gender parents divided labor with one parent as primary caregiver and the other parent as the primary breadwinner, their children were more likely to express stereotyped views about adult roles and occupations.
In many parts of the world, parents with limited financial resources have a strong preference for sons. As a result, priority for resource opportunities ranging from health care to education may be given to sons over daughters.
Nonetheless, there are common ways that parents in these societies may socialize girls and boys differently. For example, parents are more likely to provide toy vehicles, action figures, and sports equipment for their sons; and they are more likely to give dolls, kitchen sets, and dress-up toys to their daughters.
Research suggests that even middle-class mothers who held gender-egalitarian attitudes often used essentialist statements with their preschool-age children.
Also, they rarely challenged gender stereotypes e. Also, fathers tend to be more rigid than mothers in encouraging gender-typed play especially in sons.
In contrast, few parents encourage doll play a feminine-stereotyped activity in their sons. Indeed, many parents are alarmed in such cases.
However, evidence suggests that some parents are more tolerant of cross-gender-typed behaviours in sons than seen in earlier decades. Previous research has been largely based on correlational designs that do not prove causation.
Some associations in behaviour between parents and their biological children may be due to shared genetic influences e.
The relative importance of parents compared to other socializing agents peer groups, media, teachers, etc. In addition, more research needs to consider indirect forms of parental influence.
The traditional image of the two-parent heterosexual family with the father serving as the provider and the mother as the homemaker is no longer the norm in many industrialized countries.
Instead, most mothers pursue jobs outside of the home and many fathers are involved in childcare. Despite these role changes, there remain relatively few truly egalitarian parenting arrangements. Also, studies suggest that parents with gender-egalitarian attitudes may nonetheless act differently with daughters and sons.
Besides parents, these potentially include other family members, peer groups, friends, the media, and teachers. In addition, parents can be mindful of the kinds of peers with whom their children affiliate.
They may be able to foster greater gender-role flexibility through encouragement of organized mixed-gender activities in which girls and boys learn to work together as equals.The analysis identified that lack of “induction and socialisation” was a major factor, and also identified some potential solutions.
|SparkNotes: Socialization: Gender Socialization||Cohorts included in analysis of social mobility.|
There are also websites that explain in further detail the concepts used. Oct 08, · Gender Socialization Essay; Gender Socialization Essay. Essay about Gender and Gender Inequality.
Words | 9 Pages have had if I was enrolled in traditional schooling, had left me at a social disadvantage, or slightly behind other children in terms of my level of socialization.
I was much shyer than the other children who had already. The Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills (Ofsted) is responsible for inspecting services that care for children and young people in England and Wales. This paper presents findings from an independent study of Ofsted inspections into children's social care in England, covering reports under three inspection.
This is an analysis of five children’s picture books to examine what socialization messages are given to children. The main agent of socialization Socialization the process of learning to participate in a group or culture-teaches intellectual, social and physical skills needed.
This is a free example essay on Socialization: Nature versus nurture: According to one side of the debate, individuals and social behavior are a product of heredity or nature.