Crane and Carlos F.
Crane and Carlos F. Balerdi 2 Scientific Name: Chrysophyllum cainito Common Names: Sapotaceae Relatives of Caimito: West Indies and Central America.
Caimito was observed growing by Spanish explorers in Peru during the s. Seeds were introduced into Hawaii in and into Florida around During the 20th century it was distributed to parts of Asia and Africa.
Caimito is not grown commercially on a large scale but is mostly appreciated as a fruit tree in home landscapes and along roadsides. A small commercial industry exits in south Florida. Description Tree Caimito trees are medium to large trees, 25 to ft tall 7.
Branches have a weeping growth habit. Leaves The leaves are alternate, elliptic, 2 to 6 inches long 5—15 cmslightly leathery, shiny green on the upper surface and golden-brown on the lower surface.
Inflorescence Flowers The flowers are generally held in clusters, arising from the leaf axils. Flowers are very small, greenish-yellow to purplish-white, tubular 5-lobed corollawith 5—6 sepals. Fruit Fruit may be round to oblate to ellipsoid and 2 to 4 inches in diameter 5—10 cm.
The peel may be red-purple, dark-purple, or pale-green. It is smooth, glossy, and leathery. In purple fruits, the inner rind is dark purple, and in green fruits, white. The pulp is white, soft, and milky surrounding 6 to 11 seeds.
The seeds are contained in rubbery seed cells, and each seed is surrounded by a gelatinous pulp. When the fruit is cut transversely, the seed cells are seen to radiate outwardly from a central core, producing a star-shaped pattern. Pollination Some seedlings and cultivars e. However, some seedlings may require cross pollination in order to set fruit.
Varieties Two distinct color types exist; purple and greenish yellow peel. Climate Caimito is best adapted to hot, lowland tropical climates but will grow in warm, protected locations in south Florida. Propagation Caimito may be propagated by seed, grafting, budding, and air-layering.
Seedling trees bear in 5 to 10 years, whereas vegetatively propagated trees may begin fruit production in 1 to 2 years. Grafting caimito onto satin leaf C.
Fruit production figures for caimito do not exist. However, large mature trees have been reported to bear up to lbs 68 kg of fruit.
Spacing Caimito trees should be planted at least 25 ft 7. Soils Caimito trees are adapted to fertile, well-drained soils, including the low and high-pH sandy soils and the high-pH, rocky, calcareous soils found in south Florida.
Planting a Caimito Tree in the Home Landscape Proper planting is one of the most important steps in successfully establishing and growing a strong, productive tree.
The first step is to choose a healthy nursery tree. Commonly, nursery caimito trees are grown in 3-gallon liter containers and trees stand 2 to 4 ft 0. Large trees in smaller containers should be avoided because the root system may be "root bound. Root bound root systems may not grow properly once planted in the ground.
Inspect the tree for insect pests and diseases, and inspect the trunk of the tree for wounds and constrictions. Select a healthy tree and water it regularly in preparation for planting in the ground. Site Selection In general, caimito trees should be planted in full sun for best growth and fruit production.One of the relatively minor fruits of the family Sapotaceae, the star apple or goldenleaf tree, Chrysophyllum cainito L.
(syn. Achras caimito Ruiz & Pavon), has . Caimito Leaves Essay. Kaymito (chrisophyllum cainito) is a common angiosperm in tropical countries. This fruit-bearing tree has leathery oblong leaves that are dark green and glossy on the upper surface and golden brown on the underside, its fleshy fruits are among the favorites.
Caimito is a round, purple-skinned, white-fleshed fruit of the tree having the scientific name Chrysophyllum cainito.
It belongs to the family Sapotaceae and . Caimito is a tropical fruit. The Caimito tree is a tropical evergreen that grows up to 50 feet (15 metres) tall, with a trunk up to 24 inches (60 cm) wide.
It has glossy, green leaves up to 2 inches (5 cm) wide and 7 inches (18 cm) long, and bronze on their undersides. Abiu, Pouteria caimito. YELLOW STAR APPLE - Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal herbs by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric applications and research studies.
Aug 15, · It's also known as the cainito, caimito, and golden leaf tree - since the undersides of the leaves have a golden color. The fruits are usually purple, but can also be green, red, or yellow. Please.