References and Further Reading 1. Introduction Most people, philosophers included, think of explanation in terms of causation.
The first prelude BWV from the Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1, had its origin in a piece entitled "Praeludium" in the same clavier instruction book containing this list of ornaments. The third of J. Bach's "Inventions" also known as "Two-Part Inventions"BWVshows several of the ornaments in the above table in action, including the mordent, the trill, and the turn.
It is also interesting as an example of the occasional difficulty of interpreting the signs as written by Bach.
Measure 3 and likewise measure 45 of the Invention no. The Well-Tempered Clavier, Vol. Dover Publications,p. Page vi of the latter shows the Bach-Gesellschaft's transcription of Bach's ornament table, which was used in the first version of this page as a help in reading and transcribing the facsimile of the original ms.
Unfortunately, the Bach-Gesellschaft's transcription contains some dubious interpretations of Bach's signs; in particular, the signs numbered "6" and "13" in the list above are virtually identical in the Bach-Gesellschaft transcription, but this can be clearly seen to be erroneous by comparing Bach's handwritten table.
For this revision of the pagemy table graphic above has been again scrutinized against the facsimile of Bach's handwritten table, and compared with Palmer's transcription, and additional corrections over and above the ones previously pointed out by various correspondents see "Acknowledgements," below have been made accordingly.
The ornament table appears in facsimile and transcription in both Palmer editions; see note 2 below for information on the second one.
See also the same editor's J. However, my correspondent Alexei Zouboff points out that "Palmer's statement cited at the top of your page: Zouboff is right, and therefore the transcription in Palmer's Well-Tempered Clavier, p. However, the transcription of no.
My transcription of the table, which previously mistranscribed both no. Margery Halford," The Harpsichord, Vol. Spelling of "Karl" as in source, which appears to reflect the preference of the editor of that magazine in transcribing this oral interview--not necessarily that of Dr.
As a matter of fact, Bach's score of this "Praeludium" has none of the above-listed ornaments, but it does show a kind of musical shorthand that was no doubt also part of Friedemann's curriculum: Two other examples of this can be found in the viola da gamba obbligato in the bass recitative "Ja!
Inventions and Sinfonias, p. I thank Alfred Publishing Co. Printed in the United States of America All rights reserved. No part of this book shall be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information or retrieval system without written permission of the publisher.
No part of this book shall be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information or retrieval system without written permission of the Publisher: For pointing out an additional correction to Ornament 1's realization correct in Bach-Gesellschaft and Palmer; this blunder was all mine!
I would like to especially thank Bill Palmer for introducing me to the editions by his late father, Dr. Palmer, for Alfred Publishing Co.Theories of Explanation.
Within the philosophy of science there have been competing ideas about what an explanation is. Historically, explanation has been associated with causation: to explain an event or phenomenon is to identify its cause. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Online Library of Liberty. A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets. A project of Liberty Fund, Inc. An explication essay must also examine how the selected words are strung together to give the passage a distinctive tempo or flow. Examine the writer’s word organization to analyze how it works to create rhythm and tone.
Recent Examples on the Web. If a tree shows leaf scorch without any obvious explanation, call in a certified professional arborist to look for a cause. — Beth Botts, regardbouddhiste.com, "Brown leaves in summer probably signal scorched plants," 11 July Ghosting is when a person abruptly goes silent or disappears without explanation.
Similar to an analysis essay, an explication essay examines sentences, verses or passages pulled from longer literary works, to interpret and explain on a detailed level. These mini-essays, typically a single page or less, require a close reading of the text to perform a proper interpretation of the quotation.