There are various factors that can affect personality. Some of them are most important so, we discuss here 8 essential factors affecting personality as follows: Factors affecting personality development Education:
What are the factors that affect your personality? Anika Sharma Definition of Personality: The term personality has been defined differently by different psychologists.
According to Morton Prince. Floyed Allport says 'personality traits may be considered as so many important dimensions in which people may be found to differ. Guthrie described it as "those habits and habit systems of social importance that are stable and resistant to change. Habit of "posing" is not of social importance, but is certainly a clue for personality.
Gurhrie's phrase "of social importance" is presumably equivalent to "which determine the impression we make on others. Another objection is that a person does not behave in the same manner twice towards the same stimulus.
Kempt has defined personality as "the habitual mode of adjustment which the organism effects between its own egocentric drives and the exigencies of the environment.
It focuses on the inner aspect rather than on superficial manifestations. If the same time it establishes the basis for social stimulus value of personality unique adjustment to the environment. Symonds has defined personality as "the portrait on landscape of the organism working together in all its phases.
School explained personality 'as a pattern of configuration produced by the integrated functioning of an individual". Cruze see personality as 'an organised and integrated unity consisting of many elements that work together as a functioning whole.
Guford writes "An individual's personality, then is his unique pattern of traits A trait is any distinguishable, relatively enduring way in which one individual differs from another.
Hartman says "Personality is integrated organisation of all the pervasive characteristics of an individual as it manifest itself in focal distinctiveness to other. One of the quite common fact is that personality itself is unique.
The second is that it is the product of its own functioning. It is an organized whole and not a mere loose and random combination of different traits. It is unity or a dynamic organisation of all the various psychological and physical traits.
This means that both the mental as well as the bodily traits are combined dynamically in the formation of a personality, personality is not a something passive but a creative organisation playing an active role in making adjustments to the environment.
Thus, in brief, personality is a comprehensive concept that give importance on the growth and behaviour of the child as an organised whole. Factors Affecting Personality As personality is developed within the social framework, as such, many factors contribute to its development.
For an easy understanding, the factors that effect personality are classified into two groups: A vivid description of these is given below: Heredity is indeed, an important factor in personality development.
Almost every form of personality has been attributed to heredity. Today it is believed that hereditary traits are transmitted through the genes. This can be clearly understood according to Mendel's theory of dominant and recessive genes.
According to Mendel, genes are the carriers of hereditary traits in the sense that they maintain integrity, particular constitution and properties in unaltered form from one generation to the next. The traits and skills acquired by the parent may not modify the genes but just pass on to the children just as they are whichever genes carrying hereditary trait is dominant, the trait will pass on to the children from their parents just as it is.
For instance, the child inherits complexion, physique, intelligence, etc. Physique refers to the relatively enduring, biological makeup and liabilities of an individual resulting from both genetic and environmental influences which determine his reactive potentialities.
Since ancient periods, it has been accepted that physique effects personality.
Kreschmer and Sheldom are credited for their contribution in predicting general personality and behaviour patterns on the basis of mere physique.
The endocrine glands are characterized for interaction and interdependence. These glands secrete hormones. Any over-activity or under-activity of these glands can cause increase or decrease in harmones resulting in personality disorder as given below: Thyroid gland secretes thyroxin.
Any excess of the hormone leads to tension and unstableness, whereas its deficiency takes one to imbecile level. This gland is responsible for calcium equilibrium in the body.This article throws light upon the top three factors influencing personality development.
The factors are: 1. Biological Factors 2. Cultural Determinants of Personality 3. Family Influences on Personality Development. Factor # 1. Biological Factors: By and large, the influences of biological factors on personality structure are limited and indirect.
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Personality development is affected by various dispositions. Therefore this essay will endeavor to outline factors that affect personality development. Personality development has three factors, namely Heredity factor, Environmental factor and Psychological factor.
The first factor to be discussed is heredity. Improper Speech and Language Development. There are several factors that can have a direct effect on a child’s speech and language development, according to Ms. Magan Chen who is a certified practicing speech language pathologist with .
The first letter in the personality type acronym corresponds to the first letter of the preference of general attitude - “E” for extraversion and “I” for introversion. Personality involves not only inborn traits, but also the cognitive and behavioral patterns that influence how people think and act.
Temperament is a key part of personality that is determined by inherited traits.