It's estimated the funded projects will engage more than 8, youth in about 2, hours of arts training throughout the city. Extraordinary Futures Extraordinary Futures provides young people with dance classes and open practice sessions. Students will participate in monthly dance competitions as part of a Middle and High School Breakdance League and prepare for the culminating event, Massive Break Challenge. Pongo Publishing Pongo Publishing offers weekly writing sessions to incarcerated youth.
Extracts copied from Eric Paulos' website - When two persons are mutually present and hence engaged together in some degree of unfocused interaction, the mutual proffering of civil inattention - a significant form of unfocused interaction - is not the only way they can relate to one another.
They can proceed from there to engage one another in focused interaction, the unit of which I shall refer to as a face engagement or an encounter. Face engagements comprise all those instances of two or more participants in a situation joining each other openly in maintaining a single focus of cognitive and visual attention-what is sensed as a single mutual activity, entailing preferential communication rights.
As a simple example -and one of the most common-when persons are present together in the same situation they may engage each other in a talk.
This accreditation for mutual activity is one of the broadest of all statuses. Even persons of extremely disparate social positions can find themselves in circumstances where it is fitting to impute it to one another.
Ordinarily the status does not have a "latent phase" but obliges the incumbents to be engaged at that very moment in exercising their status. Mutual activities and the face engagements in which they are embedded comprise instances of small talk, commensalism, love-making, gaming, formal discussion, and personal servicing treating, selling, waitressing, and so forth.
In some cases, as with sociable chats, the coming together does not seem to have a ready instrumental rationale. In other cases, as when a teacher pauses at a pupil's desk to help him for a moment with a problem he is involved in, and will be involved in after she moves on, the encounter is clearly a setting for a mutual instrumental activity, and this joint work is merely a phase of what is primarily an individual task.
It should be noted that while many face engagements seem to be made up largely of the exchange of verbal statements, so that conversational encounters can in fact be used as the model, there are still other kinds of Shakesperean clothing essay where no word is spoken.
This becomes very apparent, of course, in the study of engagements among children who have not yet mastered talk, and where, incidentally, it is possible to see the gradual transformation of a mere physical contacting of another into an act that establishes the social relationship of jointly accrediting a face-to-face encounter.
Among adults, too, however, nonverbal encounters can be observed: Also, there are certain close comings-together over work tasks which give rise to a single focus of visual and cognitive attention and to intimately coordinated contributions, the order and kind of contribution being determined by shared appreciation of what the task-at-the-moment requires as the next act.
Here, while no word of direction or sociability may be spoken, it will be understood that lack of attention or coordinated response constitutes a breach in the mutual commitment of the participants.
Where there are only two participants in a situation, an encounter, if there is to be one, will exhaust the situation, giving us a fully-focused gathering. With more than two participants, there may be persons officially present in the situation who are officially excluded from the encounter and not themselves so engaoed.
These unengagedl" participants change the gathering into a Partly-focused one. If more than three persons are present, there may be more than one encounter carried on in the same situations multifocused gathering.
I will use the term Participation unit to refer both to encounters and to unengaged participants; the term bystander will be used to refer to any individual present who is not a ratified member of the particular encounter in question, whether or not he is currently a member of some other encounter.
In our society, face engagements seem to share a complex of properties, so that this class of social unit can be defined analytically, as well as by example. An encounter is initiated by someone making an opening move, typically by means of a special expression of the eyes but sometimes by a statement or a special tone of voice at the beginning of a statement's The engagement proper begins when this overture is acknowledged by the other, who signals back with his eyes, voice, or stance that he has placed himself at the disposal of the other for purposes of a mutual eye-to-eye activity even if only to ask the initiator to postpone his request for an audience.
There is a tendency for the initial move and the responding "clearance" sign to be exchanged almost simultaneously, with all participants employing both signs, perhaps in order to prevent an initiator from placing himself in a position of being denied by others.
Glances, in particular, make possible this effective simultaneity. In fact, when eyes are joined, the initiator's first glance can be sufficiently tentative and ambiguous to allow him to act as if no initiation has been intended, if it appears that his overture is not desired.
Eye-to-eye looks, then, play a special role in the communication life of the community, ritually establishing an avowed openness to verbal statements and a rightfully heightened mutual relevance of acts.
Of the special sense-organs, the eye has a uniquely sociological function. The union and interaction of individuals is based upon mutual glances. This is perhaps the most direct and purest reciprocity which exists anywhere.
This highest psychic reaction, however, in which the glances of eye to eye unite men, crystallises into no objective structure; the unity which momentarily arises between two persons is present in the occasion and is dissolved in the function.
So tenacious and subtle is this union that it can only be maintained by the shortest and straightest line between the eyes, and the smallest deviation from it, the slightest glance aside, completely destroys the unique character of this union.
No objective trace of this relationship is left behind, as is universally found, directly or indirectly, in all other types of associations between men, as, for example, in interchange of words. The interaction of eye and eye dies in the moment in which directness of the function is lost.
But the totality of social relations of human beings, their self assertion and self-abnegation, their intimacies and estrangements, would be changed in unpredictable ways if there occurred no glance of eye to eye.
This mutual glance between persons, in distinction from the simple sight or observation of the other, signifies a wholly new and unique union between them. It is understandable, then, that an individual who feels he has cause to be alienated from those around him will express this through some "abnormality of the gaze," especially averting of the eyes.
And it is understandable, too, that an individual who wants to control others' access to him and the information he receives may avoid looking toward the person who is seeking him out. A waitress, for example, may prevent a waiting customer from "catching her eye" to prevent his initiating an order.
Similarly, if a pedestrian wants to ensure a particular allocation of the street relative to a fellow pedestrian, or if a motorist wants to ensure priority of his line of proposed action over that of a fellow motorist or a pedestrian, one strategy is to avoid meeting the other's eyes and thus avoid cooperative claims.
And where the initiator is in a social position requiring him to give the other the formal right to initiate all encounters, hostile and teasing possibilities may occur.
As these various examples suggest, mutual glances ordinarily must be withheld if an encounter is to be avoided, for eye contact opens one up for face engagement.
I would like to add, finally, that there is a relationship between the use of eye-to-eye glances as a means of communicating a request for initiation of an encounter, and other communication practices. The more clearly individuals are obliged to refrain from staring directly at others, the more effectively will they be able to attach special significance to a stare, in this case, a request for an encounter.Clothing has changed tremendously throughout the centuries, but the difference in Elizabethan clothing to other era’s is astronomical.
Queen Elizabeth I made clothes bigger and more extreme. The type of clothes worn . Elizabethan Clothing Essays: Over , Elizabethan Clothing Essays, Elizabethan Clothing Term Papers, Elizabethan Clothing Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access.
This set of essays by the master Shakespeare critic A.C. Bradley contains essays on:Poetry for Poetry's Sake, The Sublime, Hegel's Theory of Tragedy, Wordsworth, Shelley's View of Poetry, The Long Poem in the Age of Wordsworth, The Letters of Keats, The Rejection of Falstaff, Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra, Shakespeare the Man, Shakespeare's Theatre and Audience.
1. Perhaps the real crime of the confidence man is not that he takes money from his victims but that he robs all of us of the belief that middle-class manners and . Free Essay: Have you ever looked at a picture of your parents when they were your age?
Or maybe your grandparents from way back when? Well, judging by how. Essays; Fashion of the Elizabethan Era; Fashion of the Elizabethan Era. Deanne) In the ’s men’s clothing was generally black in color because it went with everything and was the “in” color. Silk doublets and velvet mantles with slashed and puffed sleeves were what your average man would wear up top.
Fashion of the.