I have completed all of the units for my certificate for ITTT, and I am now in the process of putting together my final lesson plan. Also like many of people who have posted here, I want to really make sure my lesson plan is as good as it can be before submission.
Many teachers give less attention to the teaching of pronunciation because oftentimes, they lack the confidence and training to teach such skill effectively. Native English speakers are rarely taught phonetics in school and it can be said that they learn how to pronounce words along the way.
As such, learning about phonology including the IPA and teaching it is a foreign concept for them. In fact, I only learned to write the phonetic symbols here in China. J Task 2 — State, with a brief description, techniques that can be used to indicate intonation and stress: After practicing with nonsense words, the students can then practice with real sentences.
Use of gestures — Teachers can use their hands to guide the students by giving a clear sweep of the hand either up or down to indicate a high or a low pitch.
Gestures such as clapping, clicking of fingers, and tapping on the desks or board are also helpful in indicating stress. Humming or singing — Students can also sing out the sentences or hum the words together.
The board — The board is there for teachers to utilize. Giving a visual presentation by using straight or angled arrows, stress marks, underlines, and capital letters can emphasize the point being made.
Contrastive stress — Let the students hear the difference in stress and intonation by giving them two examples, one is the correct one and the other is the incorrect one.
Task 4 — Say each of the following sentences and then underline the stressed syllables in each: Say each of the following sentences and then underline the unstressed syllables in each: How can I help you? Task 5 — Make up a sentence similar to that in the example on page 7 of the unit, and explain its various possible meanings, when different words in it are stressed: JACK wanted to join the singing competition yesterday.
He made the decision himself. Jack wanted to JOIN the singing competition yesterday. For one, mispronouncing words can alter the meaning of what is being and eventually lead to misunderstanding. It is therefore important for students to understand that correct pronunciation is the key to effective communication.
In other cultures, people who often mispronounce words are sometimes perceived as uneducated. The student would rather stay quiet in class than become the laughing stock of the entire class. Task 7 — Indicate the major ways in which English sounds are joined and linked.
Give your own examples: Learning the phonemic alphabet is beneficial to students and teachers alike because it serves as a standard pronunciation guide for all varieties of English. If students are familiar with the IPA system, then they can easily improve their learning on their own.
They can learn how to correctly pronounce words using this system because it is consistent. Task 9 — Referring to the phonemic alphabet, transcribe the phonemic text at the end of the course unit into standard script: My tummy hurts and feels really big.
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