Every year more than 20 questions are asked from Environment. Prelims Questions are solved with detailed explanation in notes. General Studies 1 geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features including water bodies and ice-caps and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
There are also surnames that indicate royal lineage of mudiraj people. The village accountant variously known as patwari, talatti, karnam, adhikari, etc. The position is known as the karnam or adhikari in Tamil Nadu, while it is commonly known as the talati in Gujarat and Maharashtra.
The position was known as the kulkarni in Maharashtra, but the office of the kulkarni was abolished in and replaced with that of the talati.
Patwari is term used in Pakistan and India for a land record officer at sub-division or Tehsil level. As the lowest state functionary in the Revenue Collection system, his job encompasses visiting agricultural lands and maintaining record of ownership and tilling girdawari.
Due to their primary base in rural areas, where literacy and wealth is low, they yield a larger-than-life influence in the local community and are notorious for demanding bribe and changing land records at will.
With recent computerization of land records, their ability to manipulate records has been limited. Patwari reports toTehsildar or a chief clerk of Tehsils land records.
The Patwar system was first introduced during the short but eventful rule of Sher Shah Suri and the system was further enhanced by Emperor Akbar. The British colonial era made minor amendments to the system but continued the system.
The Patwari can wield significant power and influence with even feudal lords seeking his favour. The Patwaris are equivalent to Karnams in Telugu Brahmin sect. Many holders of the title now use Patwari as their family last name in Karnataka and a few other parts of South India.
Most of these belong to the Brahmin caste. The peer of a patwari in Maharashtra and Karnataka is the talati. Narmet surname not belongs to Telugu Mudiraj community but also to Telugu Yadava community. There are many people having surnames after towns such as Gunturu, Bezawada VijayawadaAddanki, etc.
Even though the descendants of these original settlers of the town migrated out of the town, the surname remains unchanged.
It is believed that the God Rama Devudu has visited this place once and that is the reason why this village was also known as Devuni Narmetta.
Bukka patronised Telugu poet Nachana Soma. The early life of Bukka as well as his brother Hakka, also known as Harihara I, were relatively unknown and most accounts of their early life are based on various theories. One such theory states that Bukka and Hakka were commanders in the army of the King of Warangal.
After the King of Warangal was defeated by Muhammad bin Tughlaq, Bukka and his brother were taken prisoners and sent to Delhi. Both were forced to convert to Islam.
Bukka and his brother eventually escaped and retained their Hindu traditions and founded the Vijayanagara Empire under the influence of the Brahmin sage Vidyaranya. Bukka and his brother were praised for their success in battle as well as the first rulers of the Vijayanagar Empire.
Hakka and Bukka were the first kings of the Vijayanagar Empire. Their real names were Harihara and Bukkaraya.
But the people affectionately called them Hakka or Hukka and Bukka, and those names stuck to them.
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Those names are found even in one of the inscriptions. Harihar and Bukka are two brothers who founded the independent Hindu kingdom of Vijaynagar. They were the sons of Sangama - a chieftain at the court of the Hoysala rulers.
TheVijyanagar kingdom - situated on the southern bank of the river Tungabhadra, was perhaps the most famous empire in the history of South India.Sri Lanka plant names in Sinhala, tamil, sinhala, botany, ethnobotany, etymology, computer science sinhala glossary links to place names, old and new maps, philological, historical and sociological notes, links to news and events.
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